Speech clarity

Speech clarity

Speech clarity concerns the quality of speech transfer to the listeners. In a reverberant room with disturbing background noise, it can be difficult to pick up speech. 
 
Unclear
Clear
Clarity. Room acoustic descriptors.
 
The sound that reaches the listener first is called direct sound. This is followed by early reflections. The early reflections that reach the listener within 50 ms are integrated with the direct sound and thus have a positive effect on speech clarity. The reflections that come later may be perceived as disturbing.
 
Clarity. Room acoustic descriptors.
 
The Clarity measurement (C50) compares the sound energy in early sound reflexes with those that arrive later. A high value is positive for speech clarity.
 
 
In the case of poor speech transmission, variations in speech are perceived less well. Factors that impair speech transmission, thus contributing to a lower STI index are, for instance, background noise, long reverberation and echoes. When speech transmission is perfect, STI = 1. In a normal-sized classroom, STI should be greater than 0.75.
STI bad speech transmision
Bad speech transmision.
 
STI good speech transmission
Good speech transmision.
 
Perceived attribute
Objective descriptor
Designation
Unit
Explanation
Standard
Speech clarity
Speech clarity Measures effect of the room’s early reflections. This is important for speech clarity.
Speech clarity
Speech Transmission Index STI Index (0-1) Measures quality of speech transfer from speaker to listener. IEC 60268-16